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Manila Bulletin News » Music Video, Trivia » On This Day November 21: E=mc2, Dublin’s Bloody Sunday, Goldie Hawn, Bjork

On This Day November 21: E=mc2, Dublin’s Bloody Sunday, Goldie Hawn, Bjork

WHAT HAPPENED ON THIS DAY?

1877 – Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
1905 – Albert Einstein’s paper, “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, is published in the journal Annalen der Physik. This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula, E = mc².

einstein
1920 – Irish War of Independence: In Dublin, 31 people are killed in what became known as “Bloody Sunday”. This included eleven British intelligence agents and informants, fifteen Irish civilians, and two Irish Republican Army prisoners.

 

1927 – Columbine Mine massacre: Striking coal miners are allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes.
1961 – The “La Ronde” opens in Honolulu, first revolving restaurant in the United States
1974 – The Birmingham pub bombings kill 21 people. The Birmingham Six are sentenced to life in prison for the crime but subsequently acquitted.
1992 – A major tornado strikes the Houston, Texas area during the afternoon. Over the next two days the largest tornado outbreak ever to occur in the US during November spawns over 100 tornadoes before ending on the 23rd.
1998 – The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, one of the most successful and influential video games of all time, was released in Japan.

 

WHO WERE BORN ON THIS DAY?

1694 – Voltaire, French historian, playwright, and philosopher (d. 1778)
1937 – Marlo Thomas, American actress, producer, and activist
1939 – R. Budd Dwyer, American educator and politician, 30th Treasurer of Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
1945 – Goldie Hawn, American actress, singer, and producer


1950 – Livingston Taylor, American singer-songwriter and musician
1963 – Nicollette Sheridan, English actress
1965 – Björk, Icelandic singer-songwriter
1965 – Reggie Lewis, American basketball player (d. 1993)
1972 – Rain Phoenix, American actress and singer
1985 – Carly Rae Jepsen, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress

 

WHO DIED ON THIS DAY?

615 – Columbanus, Irish missionary and saint (b. 543)
1695 – Henry Purcell, English organist and composer (b. 1659)
1993 – Bill Bixby, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1934)
2012 – Mr. Food, American chef and author (b. 1931)

PHILIPPINE HISTORY TODAY

EVENT

1849 – Governor General Narciso Claveria issued a decree to adopt a standardized Filipino names and surnames through the “Claveria Decree.” Family family names were list alphabetical that were based on Spanish surnames.

1898 – The American Commissioners presented an ultimatum demanding the cession of the entire Philippine Archipelago while on the other hand they offered to pay Spain $20,000,000, and to insert in the treaty of peace a mutual relinquishment of claims.

BIRTH

1970 – Karen Davila, Filipino journalist
1989 – Ejay Falcon, Filipino actor

DEATH

1957 – Francis Burton Harrison, American general and politician, 6th Governor-General of the Philippines (b. 1873)

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